United Arab Emirates

$name - General

The Trucial States of the Persian Gulf coast granted the UK control of their defense and foreign affairs in 19th century treaties. In 1971, six of these states - Abu Zaby, 'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah, Dubayy, and Umm al Qaywayn - merged to form the United Arab Emirates (UAE). They were joined in 1972 by Ra's al Khaymah. The UAE's per capita GDP is on par with those of leading West European nations. Its generosity with oil revenues and its moderate foreign policy stance have allowed the UAE to play a vital role in the affairs of the region. For more than three decades, oil and global finance drove the UAE's economy. However, in 2008-09, the confluence of falling oil prices, collapsing real estate prices, and the international banking crisis hit the UAE especially hard. In March 2011, about 100 Emirati activists and intellectuals posted on the Internet and sent to the government a petition calling for greater political reform, including the establishment of a parliament with full legislative powers and the further expansion of the electorate and the rights of the Federal National Council (FNC), the UAE's quasi-legislature. In an effort to stem further unrest, the government announced a multi-year, $1.6-billion infrastructure investment plan for the poorer northern Emirates. In late September 2011, an FNC election - in which voting was expanded from 6,600 voters to about 12 percent of the Emirati population - was held for half of the FNC seats. The other half are appointed by the rulers of the Emirates.

 

The UAE has an open economy with a high per capita income and a sizable annual trade surplus. Successful efforts at economic diversification have reduced the portion of GDP based on oil and gas output to 25%. Since the discovery of oil in the UAE more than 30 years ago, the UAE has undergone a profound transformation from an impoverished region of small desert principalities to a modern state with a high standard of living. The government has increased spending onjob creation and infrastructure expansion and is opening up utilities to greater private sector involvement. In April 2004, the UAE signed a Trade and Investment Framework Agreement with Washington and in November 2004 agreed to undertake negotiations toward a Free Trade Agreement with the US, however, those talks have not moved forward. The country's Free Trade Zones - offering 100% foreign ownership and zero taxes - are helping to attract foreign investors. The global financial crisis, tight international credit, falling oil prices, and deflated asset prices caused GDP to drop nearly 4% in 2009. UAE authorities have tried to blunt the crisis by increasing spending and boosting liquidity in the banking sector. The crisis hit Dubai hardest, as it was heavily exposed to depressed real estate prices. Dubai lacked sufficient cash to meet its debt obligations, prompting global concern about its solvency. In February 2009, Dubai launched a $20 billion bond program to meet its debt obligations. The UAE Central Bank and Abu Dhabi-based banks bought the largest shares. In December 2009 Dubai received an additional $10 billion loan from the emirate of Abu Dhabi. The economy is expected to continue a slow rebound. Dependence on oil and a large expatriate workforce are significant long-term challenges. The UAE's strategic plan for the next few years focuses on diversification and creating more opportunities for nationals through improved education and increased private sector employment.


Government

Country name:
 
conventional long form: United Arab Emirates
conventional short form: none
local long form: Al Imarat al Arabiyah al Muttahidah
local short form: none
former: Trucial Oman, Trucial States
abbreviation: UAE
 

Government type:

federation with specified powers delegated to the UAE federal government and other powers reserved to member emirates
 

Capital:

name: Abu Dhabi
geographic coordinates: 24 28 N, 54 22 E
time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
 

Administrative divisions:

7 emirates (imarat, singular - imarah); Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi), 'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah (Sharjah), Dubayy (Dubai), Ra's al Khaymah, Umm al Qaywayn
 

Independence:

2 December 1971 (from the UK)
 

National holiday:

Independence Day, 2 December (1971)
 

Constitution:

previous 1971 (provisional); latest drafted in 1979, became permanent May 1996; amended 2009 (2012)
 

Legal system:

mixed legal system of Islamic law and civil law
 

International law organization participation:

has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt
 

Suffrage:

limited; note - rulers of the seven emirates each select a proportion of voters for the Federal National Council (FNC) that together account for about 12 percent of Emirati citizens
 

Executive branch:

chief of state: President KHALIFA bin Zayid Al-Nuhayyan (since 3 November 2004), ruler of Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi) (since 4 November 2004); Vice President and Prime Minister MUHAMMAD BIN RASHID Al-Maktum (since 5 January 2006)
head of government: Prime Minister Vice President MUHAMMAD BIN RASHID Al-Maktum (since 5 January 2006); Deputy Prime Ministers SAIF bin Zayid Al-Nuhayyan (since 11 May 2009) and MANSUR bin Zayid Al-Nuhayyan (since 11 May 2009)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
(For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
note: there is also a Federal Supreme Council (FSC) composed of the seven emirate rulers; the FSC is the highest constitutional authority in the UAE; establishes general policies and sanctions federal legislation; meets four times a year; Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi) and Dubayy (Dubai) rulers have effective veto power
elections: president and vice president elected by the FSC for five-year terms (no term limits) from among the seven FSC members; election last held 3 November 2004 upon the death of the UAE's Founding Father and first President ZAYID bin Sultan Al Nuhayyan (next election NA); prime minister and deputy prime minister appointed by the president
election results: KHALIFA bin Zayid Al-Nuhayyan elected president by a unanimous vote of the FSC; MUHAMMAD bin Rashid Al-Maktum unanimously affirmed vice president after the 2006 death of his brother Sheikh MAKTUM bin Rashid Al-Maktum
 

Legislative branch:

unicameral Federal National Council (FNC) or Majlis al-Ittihad al-Watani (40 seats; 20 members appointed by the rulers of the constituent states, 20 members elected to serve four-year terms)
elections: last held on 24 September 2011 (next to be held in 2015); note - the electoral college was expanded from 6,689 voters in the December 2006 election to 129,274 in the September 2011 election; elections for candidates rather than party lists; 469 candidates including 85 women ran for 20 contested FNC seats
election results: elected seats by emirate - Abu Dhabi 4, Dubai 4, Sharjah 3, Ras al-Khaimah 3, Ajman 2, Fujairah 2, Umm al-Quwain 2; note - number of appointed seats for each emirate are same as elected seats
 

Judicial branch:

highest court(s): Federal Supreme Court (consists of the court president and 4 judges)
judge selection and term of office: judges appointed by the federal president following approval by the Federal Supreme Council, which includes the rulers of the 7 emirates; judge term NA
subordinate courts: Federal Court of Cassation (determines the constitutionality of laws promulgated at the federal and local (emirate) levels; federal level courts of first instance and appeals courts; each emirate has its own court system
 

Political parties and leaders:

none; political parties are not allowed
 

Political pressure groups and leaders:

NA
 

International organization participation:

ABEDA, AfDB (nonregional member), AFESD, AMF, BIS, CAEU, CICA, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OIF (observer), OPCW, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
 

Diplomatic representation in the US:

chief of mission: Ambassador Yusif bin Mani bin Said al-UTAYBA (since 25 July 2008)
chancery: 3522 International Court NW, Suite 400, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 243-2400
FAX: [1] (202) 243-2432
 

Diplomatic representation from the US:

chief of mission: Ambassador Michael H. CORBIN (since 25 July 2011)
embassy: Embassies District, Plot 38 Sector W59-02, Street No. 4, Abu Dhabi
mailing address: P. O. Box 4009, Abu Dhabi
telephone: [971] (2) 414-2200
FAX: [971] (2) 414-2603
consulate(s) general: Dubai
 

Flag description:

three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and black with a wider vertical red band on the hoist side; the flag incorporates all four Pan-Arab colors, which in this case represent fertility (green), neutrality (white), petroleum resources (black), and unity (red); red was the traditional color incorporated into all flags of the emirates before their unification
 

National symbol(s):

golden falcon
 

National anthem:

name: 'Nashid al-watani al-imarati' (National Anthem of the UAE)


lyrics/music: AREF Al Sheikh Abdullah Al Hassan/Mohamad Abdel WAHAB
note: music adopted 1971, lyrics adopted 1996; Mohamad Abdel WAHAB also composed the music for the anthem of Tunisia

Geography

Location:
 
Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, between Oman and Saudi Arabia
 

Geographic coordinates:

24 00 N, 54 00 E
 

Map references:

Middle East
 

Area:

total: 83,600 sq km
country comparison to the world: 115
land: 83,600 sq km
water: 0 sq km
 

Area - comparative:

slightly smaller than Maine
 

Land boundaries:

total: 1,066 km
border countries: Oman 609 km, Saudi Arabia 457 km
 

Coastline:

1,318 km
 

Maritime claims:

territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
 

Climate:

desert; cooler in eastern mountains
 

Terrain:

flat, barren coastal plain merging into rolling sand dunes of vast desert wasteland; mountains in east
 

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
highest point: Jabal Yibir 1,527 m
 

Natural resources:

petroleum, natural gas
 

Land use:

arable land: 0.61%
permanent crops: 0.5%
other: 98.9% (2011)
 

Irrigated land:

920 sq km (2010)
 

Total renewable water resources:

0.15 cu km (2011)
 

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):

total: 3.99 cu km/yr (15%/2%/83%)
per capita: 739.5 cu m/yr (2005)
 

Natural hazards:

frequent sand and dust storms
 

Environment - current issues:

lack of natural freshwater resources compensated by desalination plants; desertification; beach pollution from oil spills
 

Environment - international agreements:

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
 

Geography - note:

strategic location along southern approaches to Strait of Hormuz, a vital transit point for world crude oil

Demographics and Population Development

Nationality:
 

noun: Emirati(s)
adjective: Emirati
 

Ethnic groups:

Emirati 19%, other Arab and Iranian 23%, South Asian 50%, other expatriates (includes Westerners and East Asians) 8% (1982)
note: less than 20% are UAE citizens (1982)
 

Languages:

Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu
 

Religions:

Muslim (Islam; official) 76%, Christian 9%, other (primarily Hindu and Buddhist, less than 5% of the population consists of Parsi, Baha'i, Druze, Sikh, Ahmadi, Ismaili, Dawoodi Bohra Muslim, and Jewish) 15%
note: represents the total population; about 85% of the population consists of noncitizens (2005 est.)
 

Population:

5,628,805
country comparison to the world: 113
note: estimate is based on the results of the 2005 census that included a significantly higher estimate of net immigration of non-citizens than previous estimates; the United Arab Emirates' National Bureau of Statistics estimated the country's total population to have been 8,264,070 in 2010, based on census data; immigrants make up more than 80% of the total population, according to UN data (2013) (July 2014 est.)
 

Age structure:

0-14 years: 20.7% (male 597,476/female 570,275)
15-24 years: 13.7% (male 457,647/female 311,673)
25-54 years: 61.5% (male 2,639,018/female 820,915)
55-64 years: 3.1% (male 132,718/female 43,624)
65 years and over: 1% (male 35,071/female 20,388) (2014 est.)
population pyramid:  
 

Dependency ratios:

total dependency ratio: 19.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 18.8 %
elderly dependency ratio: 0.5 %
potential support ratio: 182.8 (2014 est.)
 

Median age:

total: 30.3 years
male: 32 years
female: 25 years (2014 est.)
 

Population growth rate:

2.71% (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 21
 

Birth rate:

15.54 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 129
 

Death rate:

1.99 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 224
 

Net migration rate:

13.58 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 10
 

Urbanization:

urban population: 84.4% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.52% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 

Major urban areas - population:

ABU DHABI (capital) 942,000; Dubai 1.978 million; Sharjah 983,000 (2011)
 

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.47 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 3.22 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 2.19 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.77 male(s)/female
total population: 2.19 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
 

Maternal mortality rate:

12 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 146
 

Infant mortality rate:

total: 10.92 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 133
male: 12.73 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 9.01 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
 

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 77.09 years
country comparison to the world: 70
male: 74.49 years
female: 79.83 years (2014 est.)
 

Total fertility rate:

2.36 children born/woman (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 89
 

Health expenditures:

3.3% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 178
 

Physicians density:

1.93 physicians/1,000 population (2007)
 

Hospital bed density:

1.9 beds/1,000 population (2008)
 

Drinking water source:

improved: 
urban: 99.6% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 99.6% of population
unimproved: 
urban: 0.4% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0.4% of population (2012 est.)
 

Sanitation facility access:

improved: 
urban: 98% of population
rural: 95.2% of population
total: 97.5% of population
unimproved: 
urban: 2% of population
rural: 4.8% of population
total: 2.5% of population (2012 est.)
 

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

0.2% (2001 est.)
country comparison to the world: 113
 

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

NA
 

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

NA
 

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:

32.7% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 22
 

Education expenditures:

NA
 

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 90%
male: 89.5%
female: 91.5% (2005 est.)
 

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:

total: 12.1%
country comparison to the world: 99
male: 7.9%
female: 21.8% (2008)

Economy

Economy - overview:
 
The UAE has an open economy with a high per capita income and a sizable annual trade surplus. Successful efforts at economic diversification have reduced the portion of GDP based on oil and gas output to 25%. Since the discovery of oil in the UAE more than 30 years ago, the country has undergone a profound transformation from an impoverished region of small desert principalities to a modern state with a high standard of living. The government has increased spending on job creation and infrastructure expansion and is opening up utilities to greater private sector involvement. In April 2004, the UAE signed a Trade and Investment Framework Agreement with Washington and in November 2004 agreed to undertake negotiations toward a Free Trade Agreement with the US; however, those talks have not moved forward. The country's Free Trade Zones - offering 100% foreign ownership and zero taxes - are helping to attract foreign investors. The global financial crisis, tight international credit, and deflated asset prices constricted the economy in 2009. UAE authorities tried to blunt the crisis by increasing spending and boosting liquidity in the banking sector. The crisis hit Dubai hardest, as it was heavily exposed to depressed real estate prices. Dubai lacked sufficient cash to meet its debt obligations, prompting global concern about its solvency. The UAE Central Bank and Abu Dhabi-based banks bought the largest shares. In December 2009 Dubai received an additional $10 billion loan from the emirate of Abu Dhabi. Dependence on oil, a large expatriate workforce, and growing inflation pressures are significant long-term challenges. The UAE's strategic plan for the next few years focuses on diversification and creating more opportunities for nationals through improved education and increased private sector employment.
 

GDP (purchasing power parity):

$269.8 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 50
$259.3 billion (2012 est.)
$248.5 billion (2011 est.)
note: data are in 2013 US dollars
 

GDP (official exchange rate):

$390 billion (2013 est.)
 

GDP - real growth rate:

4% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 81
4.4% (2012 est.)
3.9% (2011 est.)
 

GDP - per capita (PPP):

$29,900 (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 48
$29,600 (2012 est.)
$29,200 (2011 est.)
note: data are in 2013 US dollars
 

Gross national saving:

36.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 14
40% of GDP (2012 est.)
37.6% of GDP (2011 est.)
 

GDP - composition, by end use:

household consumption: 51.9%
government consumption: 7%
investment in fixed capital: 23.1%
investment in inventories: 0.7%
exports of goods and services: 96%
imports of goods and services: -78.8%
(2013 est.)
 

GDP - composition, by sector of origin:

agriculture: 0.6%
industry: 61.1%
services: 38.2% (2013 est.)
 

Agriculture - products:

dates, vegetables, watermelons; poultry, eggs, dairy products; fish
 

Industries:

petroleum and petrochemicals; fishing, aluminum, cement, fertilizers, commercial ship repair, construction materials, handicrafts, textiles
 

Industrial production growth rate:

3.3% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 89
 

Labor force:

4.588 million
country comparison to the world: 84
note: expatriates account for about 85% of the work force (2013 est.)
 

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 7%
industry: 15%
services: 78% (2000 est.)
 

Unemployment rate:

2.4% (2001)
country comparison to the world: 19
 

Population below poverty line:

19.5% (2003)
 

Household income or consumption by percentage share:

lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
 

Budget:

revenues: $138 billion
expenditures: $118.3 billion (2013 est.)
 

Taxes and other revenues:

35.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 64
 

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):

5% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 9
 

Public debt:

41.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 84
42.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
 

Fiscal year:

calendar year
 

Inflation rate (consumer prices):

1.3% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 35
0.7% (2012 est.)
 

Central bank discount rate:

NA%
 

Stock of narrow money:

NA% (31 December 2013 est.)
$81.46 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
 

Stock of broad money:

$260.2 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 33
$234.8 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
 

Stock of domestic credit:

$308.1 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 35
$293.4 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
 

Market value of publicly traded shares:

$67.95 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 42
$71.33 billion (31 December 2011)
$77.08 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
 

Current account balance:

$52.67 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 13
$66.56 billion (2012 est.)
 

Exports:

$368.9 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 18
$350.1 billion (2012 est.)
 

Exports - commodities:

crude oil 45%, natural gas, reexports, dried fish, dates
 

Exports - partners:

Japan 15.4%, India 13.4%, Iran 10.7%, Thailand 5.5%, Singapore 5.5%, South Korea 5.3% (2012)
 

Imports:

$249.6 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 20
$221.9 billion (2012 est.)
 

Imports - commodities:

machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food
 

Imports - partners:

India 17%, China 13.7%, US 10.5%, Germany 5.1%, Japan 4.2% (2012)
 

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:

$58.04 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 34
$47.04 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
 

Debt - external:

$167.9 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 35
$162.3 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
 

Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:

$103 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 41
$92.96 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
 

Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:

$61.96 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 35
$58.46 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
 

Exchange rates:

Emirati dirhams (AED) per US dollar -
3.673 (2013 est.)
3.6725 (2012 est.)
3.6725 (2010 est.)
3.673 (2009)
3.6725 (2008)

Communications

Telephones - main lines in use:
 
1.967 million (2012)
country comparison to the world: 59
 

Telephones - mobile cellular:

13.775 million (2012)
country comparison to the world: 61
 

Telephone system:

general assessment: modern fiber-optic integrated services; digital network with rapidly growing use of mobile-cellular telephones; key centers are Abu Dhabi and Dubai
domestic: microwave radio relay, fiber optic and coaxial cable
international: country code - 971; linked to the international submarine cable FLAG (Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe); landing point for both the SEA-ME-WE-3 and SEA-ME-WE-4 submarine cable networks; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean) and 1 Arabsat; tropospheric scatter to Bahrain; microwave radio relay to Saudi Arabia (2011)
 

Broadcast media:

except for the many organizations now operating in Dubai's Media Free Zone, most TV and radio stations remain government-owned; widespread use of satellite dishes provides access to pan-Arab and other international broadcasts (2007)
 

Internet country code:

.ae
 

Internet hosts:

337,804 (2012)
country comparison to the world: 61
 

Internet users:

3.449 million (2009)
country comparison to the world: 61

Transportation

Airports:
 
43 (2013)
country comparison to the world: 100
 

Airports - with paved runways:

total: 25
over 3,047 m: 12
2,438 to 3,047 m: 3
1,524 to 2,437 m: 5
914 to 1,523 m: 3
under 914 m: 2 (2013)
 

Airports - with unpaved runways:

total: 18
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 6
under 914 m: 
6 (2013)
 

Heliports:

5 (2013)
 

Pipelines:

condensate 533 km; gas 3,277 km; liquid petroleum gas 300 km; oil 3,287 km; oil/gas/water 24 km; refined products 218 km; water 99 km (2013)
 

Roadways:

total: 4,080 km
country comparison to the world: 157
paved: 4,080 km (includes 253 km of expressways) (2008)
 

Merchant marine:

total: 61
country comparison to the world: 65
by type: bulk carrier 3, cargo 13, chemical tanker 8, container 7, liquefied gas 1, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 24, roll on/roll off 4
foreign-owned: 13 (Greece 3, Kuwait 10)
registered in other countries: 253 (Bahamas 23, Barbados 1, Belize 3, Cambodia 2, Comoros 8, Cyprus 3, Georgia 2, Gibraltar 5, Honduras 1, Hong Kong 1, India 4, Iran 2, Jordan 2, Liberia 37, Malta 1, Marshall Islands 12, Mexico 1, Netherlands 4, North Korea 2, Panama 83, Papua New Guinea 6, Philippines 1, Saint Kitts and Nevis 8, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 3, Saudi Arabia 6, Sierra Leone 1, Singapore 10, Tanzania 3, Togo 1, UK 8, Vanuatu 1, unknown 8) (2010)
 

Ports and terminals:

major seaport(s): Al Fujayrah, Mina' Jabal 'Ali (Dubai), Khor Fakkan (Khawr Fakkan), Mubarraz Island, Mina' Rashid (Dubai), Mina' Saqr (Ra's al Khaymah)
container port(s) (TEUs): Dubai Port (12,617,595), Khor Fakkan (Khawr Fakkan) (3,234,101)
LNG terminal(s) (export): Das Island

Energy

Electricity - production:
 
102.7 billion kWh (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 33
 

Electricity - consumption:

85.17 billion kWh (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 34
 

Electricity - exports:

0 kWh (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 94
 

Electricity - imports:

0 kWh (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 112
 

Electricity - installed generating capacity:

23.25 million kW (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 34
 

Electricity - from fossil fuels:

100% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 43
 

Electricity - from nuclear fuels:

0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 33
 

Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:

0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 153
 

Electricity - from other renewable sources:

0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 147
 

Crude oil - production:

3.213 million bbl/day (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7
 

Crude oil - exports:

2.142 million bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 6
 

Crude oil - imports:

0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 148
 

Crude oil - proved reserves:

97.8 billion bbl (1 January 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7
 

Refined petroleum products - production:

371,500 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 38
 

Refined petroleum products - consumption:

572,100 bbl/day (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 31
 

Refined petroleum products - exports:

382,300 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 17
 

Refined petroleum products - imports:

351,400 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 18
 

Natural gas - production:

52.31 billion cu m (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 19
 

Natural gas - consumption:

60.54 billion cu m (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 12
 

Natural gas - exports:

5.18 billion cu m (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 35
 

Natural gas - imports:

17.44 billion cu m (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 21
 

Natural gas - proved reserves:

6.089 trillion cu m (1 January 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7
 

Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:

245.4 million Mt (2011 est.)

General

Annual Exports








Top 20 Sectors exported from Kwazulu-Natal in 2014

#DescriptionChapter CodeTotal (in Rands)
1Iron and steel72 R 294,442,514.00
2Inorganic chemicals, precious metal compound, isotopes28 R 131,897,413.00
3Aluminium and articles thereof76 R 128,500,512.00
4Electrical, electronic equipment85 R 81,280,936.00
5Essential oils, perfumes, cosmetics, toileteries33 R 76,718,998.00
6Oil seed, oleagic fruits, grain, seed, fruit, etc, nes12 R 62,819,323.00
7Mineral fuels, oils, distillation products, etc27 R 50,938,955.00
8Miscellaneous chemical products38 R 43,288,514.00
9Ores, slag and ash26 R 36,141,758.00
10Rubber and articles thereof40 R 31,825,752.00
11Paper & paperboard, articles of pulp, paper and board48 R 31,592,547.00
12Pulp of wood, fibrous cellulosic material, waste etc47 R 24,146,436.00
13Beverages, spirits and vinegar22 R 24,002,854.00
14Articles of apparel, accessories, not knit or crochet62 R 22,495,375.00
15Tanning, dyeing extracts, tannins, derivs,pigments etc32 R 17,838,435.00
16Vehicles other than railway, tramway87 R 15,402,387.00
17Plastics and articles thereof39 R 13,298,688.00
18Articles of iron or steel73 R 8,354,659.00
19Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery, etc84 R 7,170,233.00
20Miscellaneous articles of base metal83 R 6,347,915.00

Visa Requirements

Visa Required: Yes

Period/Purpose: 

Visa Fee: Yes

Visa Issuing Authority:  Embassy of UAE 992 Arcadia Street Tel 012-3427736 Fax 012-3427738

Compulsory Vaccination Requirement: None

Recommended Vaccination Requirement: None

Business Etiquette

Language: Arabic
Currency: Riyal
International Dialing Code: +971
Time Difference: +3 hours GMT
Greeting: Hello – ‘Salam’ (pronounced ‘Saa-laam’). The same
word applies to both hello and goodbye and means ‘Peace’.

Dealing with a Business Counterpart:
• Men shake hands when greeting one another;
• Men and women do not greet one another in public;
• Business women should ensure that their collarbones and knees are covered and that their clothes are not close or form-fitting;
• It is important that one arrives for a meeting punctually, although it should be remembered that it is an accepted custom to keep foreigners waiting;
• Business meetings will only begin following prolonged enquiries about one’s health, family and the like. It is important to note that one should never enquire about a Saudi’s wife;
• Business cards should be exchanged with everybody one meets.

Downloads

Embassies and Diplomats

Read      Download    Embassy Information

Read      Download    Diplomats Information

Country Profile

Read United Arab Emirates Country Profile     Download United Arab Emirates Country Profile   United Arab Emirates Country Profile

Trade Agreements

Read African Free Trade Zone Agreement     Download African Free Trade Zone Agreement   African Free Trade Zone Agreement

Read AGOA Trade Agreement     Download AGOA Trade Agreement   AGOA Trade Agreement

Read SA Trade Agreements with other countries since 1994     Download SA Trade Agreements with other countries since 1994   SA Trade Agreements with other countries since 1994

Read South African Trade Agreements     Download South African Trade Agreements   South African Trade Agreements

Export Incentives

Read EMIA Individual Participation     Download EMIA Individual Participation   EMIA Individual Participation

Read SSAS EMIA Sector Specific Assistance Scheme for Emerging Exporters     Download SSAS EMIA Sector Specific Assistance Scheme for Emerging Exporters   SSAS EMIA Sector Specific Assistance Scheme for Emerging Exporters

Read SSAS Sector Specific Assistance Scheme     Download SSAS Sector Specific Assistance Scheme   SSAS Sector Specific Assistance Scheme

Read CPFP Capital Projects Feasibility Programme     Download CPFP Capital Projects Feasibility Programme   CPFP Capital Projects Feasibility Programme

Read Summary of Incentives     Download Summary of Incentives   Summary of Incentives






Latest News