Burkina Faso

$name - General

Background:
 
Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) achieved independence from France in 1960. Repeated military coups during the 1970s and 1980s were followed by multiparty elections in the early 1990s. Current President Blaise COMPAORE came to power in a 1987 military coup and has won every election since then. There have been increasing protests over the belief that the president may try to run for a currently unconstitutional third term in the 2015 presidential elections. Burkina Faso's high population growth and limited natural resources result in poor economic prospects for the majority of its citizens.


Government

Country name:
 
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Burkina Faso
local long form: none
local short form: Burkina Faso
former: Upper Volta, Republic of Upper Volta
 

Government type:

parliamentary republic
 

Capital:

name: Ouagadougou
geographic coordinates: 12 22 N, 1 31 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
 

Administrative divisions:

13 regions; Boucle du Mouhoun, Cascades, Centre, Centre-Est, Centre-Nord, Centre-Ouest, Centre-Sud, Est, Hauts-Bassins, Nord, Plateau-Central, Sahel, Sud-Ouest
 

Independence:

5 August 1960 (from France)
 

National holiday:

Republic Day, 11 December (1958); note - commemorates the day that Upper Volta became an autonomous republic in the French Community
 

Constitution:

several previous; latest approved by referendum 2 June 1991, adopted 11 June 1991; amended several times, last in 2012 (2012)
 

Legal system:

civil law based on the French model and customary law
 

International law organization participation:

has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
 

Suffrage:

18 years of age; universal
 

Executive branch:

chief of state: President Blaise COMPAORE (since 15 October 1987)
head of government: Prime Minister Luc-Adolphe TIAO (since 18 April 2011)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
(For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 21 November 2010 (next to be held in 2015); prime minister appointed by the president with the consent of the National Assembly
election results: Blaise COMPAORE reelected president; percent of popular vote - Blaise COMPAORE 80.2%, Hama Arba DIALLO 8.2%, Benewende Stanislas SANKARA 6.3%, other 5.3%
 

Legislative branch:

unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (127 seats; members are elected by proportional representation in one national constituency of 16 seats, and 45 multi-member constituencies having between 2 and 9 seats with members serving five-year terms)
elections: National Assembly election last held on 2 December 2012 (next to be held in 2017)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - CDP 70, ADF-RDA 19, Union for Progress and Reform 19, UPR 4, UNIR-MS 4, CFD-B 3, PDS/Metba 2, other 6
 

Judicial branch:

highest court(s): Supreme Court of Appeals or Cour de Cassation (consists of NA judges); Constitutional Council or Conseil Constitutionnel (consists of the council president and 3 judges)
judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judge appointments mostly controlled by the president of Burkina Faso; judge tenure NA; Constitutional Council judges appointed by the president of Burkina Faso upon the proposal of the minister of justice and the president of the National Assembly; judges appointed for 9-year terms with one-third of judges renewed every 3 years
subordinate courts: Appeals Court; High Court; first instance tribunals; district courts; specialized courts relating to issues of labor, children, and juveniles; village (customary) courts
 

Political parties and leaders:

African Democratic Rally-Alliance for Democracy and Federation or ADF-RDA [Gilbert OUEDRAOGO]
Citizen's Popular Rally or RPC [Antoine QUARE]
Coalition of Democratic Forces of Burkina or CFD-B [Zio Eric FRANCOIS]
Congress for Democracy and Progress or CDP [Assimi KOUANDA]
Democratic and Popular Rally or RDP [Nana THIBAUT]
Movement for Tolerance and Progress or MTP [Nayabtigungou Congo KABORE]
Party for African Independence or PAI [Soumane TOURE]
Party for Democracy and Progress-Socialist Party or PDP-PS [Francois O. KABORE]
Party for Democracy and Socialism/Metba or PDS/Metba [Hama Arba DIALLO]
Party for National Rebirth or PAREN [Barry TAHIROU]
People's Movement for Progress or MPP [Roch March KABORE]
Rally for the Development of Burkina or RDB [Celestin Saidou COMPAORE]
Rally of Ecologists of Burkina Faso or RDEB [Ram OUEDRAGO]
Republican Party for Integration and Solidarity or PARIS
Union for Democracy and Social Progress or UDPS [Fidele HIEN]
Union for Progress and Change or UPC [Zephirin DIABRE]
Union for Rebirth - Sankarist Movement or UNIR-MS [Benewende Stanislas SANKARA]
Union for the Republic or UPR [Toussaint Abel COULIBALY]
Union of Sankarist Parties or UPS [Ernest Nongma OUEDRAOGO]
 

Political pressure groups and leaders:

Burkinabe General Confederation of Labor or CGTB [Tole SAGNON]
Burkinabe Movement for Human Rights or MBDHP [Chrysigone ZOUGMORE]
Citizen's Resistance Front [Luc Marius IBRIGA]
Group of 14 February [Benewende Stanislas SANKARA]
National Confederation of Burkinabe Workers or CNTB [Laurent OUEDRAOGO]
National Organization of Free Unions or ONSL [Paul KABORE]
other: watchdog/political action groups throughout the country in both organizations and communities
 

International organization participation:

ACP, AfDB, AU, CD, ECOWAS, EITI (candidate country), Entente, FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (NGOs), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINUSMA, MONUSCO, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNISFA, UNITAR, UNWTO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
 

Diplomatic representation in the US:

chief of mission: Ambassador Seydou BOUDA (since 2 September 2011)
chancery: 2340 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 332-5577
FAX: [1] (202) 667-1882
 

Diplomatic representation from the US:

chief of mission: Ambassador Tulinabo S. MUSHINGI (since 25 July 2013)
embassy: 602 Avenue Raoul Follereau, Koulouba, Secteur 4
mailing address: 01 B. P. 35, Ouagadougou 01; pouch mail - US Department of State, 2440 Ouagadougou Place, Washington, DC 20521-2440
telephone: [226] 50-49-53-00
FAX: [226] 50-49-56-28
 

Flag description:

two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green with a yellow five-pointed star in the center; red recalls the country's struggle for independence, green is for hope and abundance, and yellow represents the country's mineral wealth
note: uses the popular Pan-African colors of Ethiopia
 

National symbol(s):

white stallion
 

National anthem:

name: 'Le Ditanye' (Anthem of Victory)


lyrics/music: Thomas SANKARA
note: adopted 1974; also known as 'Une Seule Nuit' (One Single Night), Burkina Faso's anthem was written by the country's president, an avid guitar player

Geography

Location:
 
Western Africa, north of Ghana
 

Geographic coordinates:

13 00 N, 2 00 W
 

Map references:

Africa
 

Area:

total: 274,200 sq km
country comparison to the world: 75
land: 273,800 sq km
water: 400 sq km
 

Area - comparative:

slightly larger than Colorado
 

Land boundaries:

total: 3,193 km
border countries: Benin 306 km, Cote d'Ivoire 584 km, Ghana 549 km, Mali 1,000 km, Niger 628 km, Togo 126 km
 

Coastline:

0 km (landlocked)
 

Maritime claims:

none (landlocked)
 

Climate:

tropical; warm, dry winters; hot, wet summers
 

Terrain:

mostly flat to dissected, undulating plains; hills in west and southeast
 

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Mouhoun (Black Volta) River 200 m
highest point: Tena Kourou 749 m
 

Natural resources:

manganese, limestone, marble; small deposits of gold, phosphates, pumice, salt
 

Land use:

arable land: 20.79%
permanent crops: 0.24%
other: 78.98% (2011)
 

Irrigated land:

250 sq km (2003)
 

Total renewable water resources:

12.5 cu km (2011)
 

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):

total: 0.72 cu km/yr (46%/3%/51%)
per capita: 54.99 cu m/yr (2005)
 

Natural hazards:

recurring droughts
 

Environment - current issues:

recent droughts and desertification severely affecting agricultural activities, population distribution, and the economy; overgrazing; soil degradation; deforestation
 

Environment - international agreements:

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 

Geography - note:

landlocked savanna cut by the three principal rivers of the Black, Red, and White Voltas

Demographics and Population Development

Nationality:
 
noun: Burkinabe (singular and plural)
adjective: Burkinabe
 

Ethnic groups:

Mossi over 40%, other approximately 60% (includes Gurunsi, Senufo, Lobi, Bobo, Mande, and Fulani)
 

Languages:

French (official), native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population
 

Religions:

Muslim 60.5%, Catholic 19%, animist 15.3%, Protestant 4.2%, other 0.6%, none 0.4% (2006 est.)
 

Population:

18,365,123
country comparison to the world: 60
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
 

Age structure:

0-14 years: 45.4% (male 4,173,236/female 4,156,245)
15-24 years: 20.1% (male 1,851,801/female 1,833,496)
25-54 years: 29% (male 2,702,573/female 2,622,603)
55-64 years: 3.1% (male 240,520/female 332,421)
65 years and over: 2.5% (male 171,284/female 280,944) (2014 est.)
population pyramid:  
 

Dependency ratios:

total dependency ratio: 91.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 86.6 %
elderly dependency ratio: 4.7 %
potential support ratio: 21.5 (2014 est.)
 

Median age:

total: 17 years
male: 16.9 years
female: 17.2 years (2014 est.)
 

Population growth rate:

3.05% (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 11
 

Birth rate:

42.42 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 5
 

Death rate:

11.96 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 27
 

Net migration rate:

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 101
 

Urbanization:

urban population: 26.5% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 6.02% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 

Major urban areas - population:

OUAGADOUGOU (capital) 2.053 million (2011)
 

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.62 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
 

Mother's mean age at first birth:

19.4
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2010 est.)
 

Maternal mortality rate:

300 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 39
 

Infant mortality rate:

total: 76.8 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 9
male: 84.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 69.28 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
 

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 54.78 years
country comparison to the world: 207
male: 52.77 years
female: 56.85 years (2014 est.)
 

Total fertility rate:

5.93 children born/woman (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 6
 

Contraceptive prevalence rate:

16.2% (2010/11)
 

Health expenditures:

6.5% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 96
 

Physicians density:

0.05 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
 

Hospital bed density:

0.4 beds/1,000 population (2010)
 

Drinking water source:

improved: 
urban: 97.5% of population
rural: 75.8% of population
total: 81.7% of population
unimproved: 
urban: 2.5% of population
rural: 24.2% of population
total: 18.3% of population (2012 est.)
 

Sanitation facility access:

improved: 
urban: 50.4% of population
rural: 6.7% of population
total: 18.6% of population
unimproved: 
urban: 49.6% of population
rural: 93.3% of population
total: 81.4% of population (2012 est.)
 

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

1% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 48
 

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

114,500 (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 42
 

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

5,500 (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 36
 

Major infectious diseases:

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: dengue fever, malaria, and yellow fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
 

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:

2.3% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 181
 

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:

26.2% (2010)
country comparison to the world: 24
 

Education expenditures:

3.4% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 128
 

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 28.7%
male: 36.7%
female: 21.6% (2007 est.)
 

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

total: 8 years
male: 8 years
female: 7 years (2012)
 

Child labor - children ages 5-14:

total number: 1,521,006
percentage: 38 % (2006 est.)
 

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:

total: 3.8%
country comparison to the world: 140
male: 4.6%
female: 2.9% (2006)

Economy

Economy - overview:
 
Burkina Faso is a poor, landlocked country that depends on adequate rainfall. About 90% of the population is engaged in subsistence agriculture and cotton is the main cash crop. The country has few natural resources and a weak industrial base. Cotton and gold are key exports. Since 1998, Burkina Faso has begun to privatize state-owned enterprises and in 2004 revised its investment code to attract foreign investment. As a result, the country has seen an upswing in gold exploration, production, and export. The Burkinabe economy experienced high levels of growth over the last few years but growth is highly dependent on swings in gold and cotton prices. In 2013 Burkina Faso experienced a number of public protests over the cost of living, corruption, and other socioeconomic issues. To defuse tensions the government has offered higher housing bonuses, reduced income taxes, and price controls. Turmoil in neighboring Mali, unreliable energy supplies, and poor transportation links pose longer-term challenges.
 

GDP (purchasing power parity):

$26.51 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 123
$24.9 billion (2012 est.)
$22.85 billion (2011 est.)
note: data are in 2013 US dollars
 

GDP (official exchange rate):

$12.13 billion (2013 est.)
 

GDP - real growth rate:

6.5% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 29
9% (2012 est.)
5% (2011 est.)
 

GDP - per capita (PPP):

$1,500 (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 203
$1,400 (2012 est.)
$1,300 (2011 est.)
note: data are in 2013 US dollars
 

Gross national saving:

12.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 126
14.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
16.6% of GDP (2011 est.)
 

GDP - composition, by end use:

household consumption: 55.2%
government consumption: 16.9%
investment in fixed capital: 18.3%
investment in inventories: 0.2%
exports of goods and services: 34.4%
imports of goods and services: -25%
(2013 est.)
 

GDP - composition, by sector of origin:

agriculture: 33.6%
industry: 23.6%
services: 42.8% (2013 est.)
 

Agriculture - products:

cotton, peanuts, shea nuts, sesame, sorghum, millet, corn, rice; livestock
 

Industries:

cotton lint, beverages, agricultural processing, soap, cigarettes, textiles, gold
 

Industrial production growth rate:

6.5% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 41
 

Labor force:

6.668 million
country comparison to the world: 65
note: a large part of the male labor force migrates annually to neighboring countries for seasonal employment (2007)
 

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 90%
industry and services: 10% (2000 est.)
 

Unemployment rate:

77% (2004)
country comparison to the world: 200
 

Population below poverty line:

46.7% (2009 est.)
 

Household income or consumption by percentage share:

lowest 10%: 2.9%
highest 10%: 32.2% (2009 est.)
 

Distribution of family income - Gini index:

39.5 (2007)
country comparison to the world: 61
48.2 (1994)
 

Budget:

revenues: $2.838 billion
expenditures: $3.228 billion (2013 est.)
 

Taxes and other revenues:

23.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 142
 

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):

-3.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 129
 

Fiscal year:

calendar year
 

Inflation rate (consumer prices):

2.1% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 73
3.8% (2012 est.)
 

Central bank discount rate:

4.25% (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 83
4.25% (31 December 2009 est.)
 

Commercial bank prime lending rate:

NA%
 

Stock of narrow money:

$2.22 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 123
$1.845 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
 

Stock of broad money:

$4.211 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 134
$3.343 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
 

Stock of domestic credit:

$2.711 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 128
$2.123 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
 

Market value of publicly traded shares:

$NA
 

Current account balance:

-$364.9 million (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 96
-$247.6 million (2012 est.)
 

Exports:

$2.844 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 129
$2.746 billion (2012 est.)
 

Exports - commodities:

gold, cotton, livestock
 

Exports - partners:

China 25.9%, Turkey 24.8%, Belgium 5.2% (2012)
 

Imports:

$2.941 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 149
$2.675 billion (2012 est.)
 

Imports - commodities:

capital goods, foodstuffs, petroleum
 

Imports - partners:

Cote dIvoire 17.6%, France 15.2%, Ghana 4.8%, Togo 4.4% (2012)
 

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:

$1.115 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 132
$1.025 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
 

Debt - external:

$2.863 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 139
$2.607 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
 

Exchange rates:

Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar -
500.7 (2013 est.)
510.53 (2012 est.)
495.28 (2010 est.)
472.19 (2009)
447.81 (2008)

Communications

Telephones - main lines in use:
 
141,400 (2012)
country comparison to the world: 139
 

Telephones - mobile cellular:

9.98 million (2012)
country comparison to the world: 79
 

Telephone system:

general assessment: system includes microwave radio relay, open-wire, and radiotelephone communication stations; in 2006 the government sold a 51 percent stake in the national telephone company and ultimately plans to retain only a 23 percent stake in the company
domestic: fixed-line connections stand at less than 1 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular usage, fostered by multiple providers, is increasing rapidly from a low base
international: country code - 226; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2011)
 

Broadcast media:

2 TV stations - 1 state-owned and 1 privately owned; state-owned radio runs a national and regional network; substantial number of privately owned radio stations; transmissions of several international broadcasters available in Ouagadougou (2007)
 

Internet country code:

.bf
 

Internet hosts:

1,795 (2012)
country comparison to the world: 164
 

Internet users:

178,100 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 144

Transportation

Airports:
 
23 (2013)
country comparison to the world: 133
 

Airports - with paved runways:

total: 2
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2013)
 

Airports - with unpaved runways:

total: 21
1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
914 to 1,523 m: 13
under 914 m: 
5 (2013)
 

Railways:

total: 622 km
country comparison to the world: 106
narrow gauge: 622 km 1.000-m gauge
note: another 660 km of this railway extends into Cote d'Ivoire (2008)
 

Roadways:

total: 15,272 km
country comparison to the world: 121
note: does not include urban roads (2010)

Energy

Electricity - production:
 
670 million kWh (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 158
 

Electricity - consumption:

773.1 million kWh (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 158
 

Electricity - exports:

0 kWh (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 208
 

Electricity - imports:

150 million kWh (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 92
 

Electricity - installed generating capacity:

252,000 kW (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 156
 

Electricity - from fossil fuels:

87.3% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 85
 

Electricity - from nuclear fuels:

0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 195
 

Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:

12.7% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 107
 

Electricity - from other renewable sources:

0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 133
 

Crude oil - production:

0 bbl/day (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 140
 

Crude oil - exports:

0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 198
 

Crude oil - imports:

0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 134
 

Crude oil - proved reserves:

0 bbl (1 January 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 200
 

Refined petroleum products - production:

0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 204
 

Refined petroleum products - consumption:

9,960 bbl/day (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 154
 

Refined petroleum products - exports:

0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 140
 

Refined petroleum products - imports:

11,660 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 128
 

Natural gas - production:

0 cu m (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 202
 

Natural gas - consumption:

0 cu m (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 203
 

Natural gas - exports:

0 cu m (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 199
 

Natural gas - imports:

0 cu m (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 142
 

Natural gas - proved reserves:

0 cu m (1 January 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 201
 

Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:

1.454 million Mt (2011 est.)

General

Annual Exports








Top 20 Sectors exported from Kwazulu-Natal in 2014

#DescriptionChapter CodeTotal (in Rands)
1Oil seed, oleagic fruits, grain, seed, fruit, etc, nes12 R 1,593,400.00
2Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery, etc84 R 916,930.00
3Beverages, spirits and vinegar22 R 651,286.00
4Inorganic chemicals, precious metal compound, isotopes28 R 372,729.00
5Sugars and sugar confectionery17 R 137,909.00
6Tools, implements, cutlery, etc of base metal82 R 71,167.00
7Electrical, electronic equipment85 R 48,724.00
8Soaps, lubricants, waxes, candles, modelling pastes34 R 19,814.00
9Albuminoids, modified starches, glues, enzymes35 R 17,460.00
10Plastics and articles thereof39 R 17,454.00
11Paper & paperboard, articles of pulp, paper and board48 R 14,897.00
12Articles of apparel, accessories, knit or crochet61 R 13,117.00
13Tanning, dyeing extracts, tannins, derivs,pigments etc32 R 12,965.00
14Clocks and watches and parts thereof91 R 12,045.00
15Optical, photo, technical, medical, etc apparatus90 R 11,147.00
16Vegetable, fruit, nut, etc food preparations20 R 10,987.00
17Cocoa and cocoa preparations18 R 9,465.00
18Miscellaneous manufactured articles96 R 8,849.00
19Articles of iron or steel73 R 6,939.00
20Glass and glassware70 R 6,812.00

Visa Requirements

Visa Required: Yes

Period/Purpose: 

Visa Fee: Yes 

Visa Issuing Authority: French Consulate General (Johannesburg) Tel 011-7785600  French Consulate General (Cape Town) Tel 021-4231575

Compulsory Vaccination Requirements: 

Yellow Fever if coming from endemic country or travelled through an endemic country

Recommend Vaccination Requirements: 

Hepatitus A & Tetanus, Typhoid, Polio & Meningitis

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